What Time Does the Stock Market Open?

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Are you a stock trader? Or are you a do-it-yourself investor who simply needs to be aware of when you can buy and sell stock? Knowing the stock market opening and closing times is vital to maximizing your profit as an investor. 

If you buy or sell stock shares after the market closes, your trade will sit in a queue until the market opens up again. This delay could mean potential money losses for you. Here’s some information you should know about foreign and U.S. stock exchange opening and closing times. 

 

U.S Stock Exchanges Opening Times and Closing Times

As you probably know, national and global news stories and other events can affect the stock market dramatically. For instance, a stock could close high at closing time on one day. 

A dramatic change in overnight news regarding that particular stock sector or world events could mean that the same stock opens as a drastically lower price the next day.

For that reason, knowing the opening and closing times of the major markets is very important. 

We’ll cover the opening and closing times of the major U.S. and global markets so you can ensure you’re making stock purchases when you want to. 

New York Stock Exchange Hours (NYSE)

The New York Stock Exchange business hours are as follows: 

  • Standard Trading: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. through 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  • After-Hours Trading: Monday through Friday, 4:00 p.m. through 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time (can sometimes close as late as 8 p.m. Eastern Time)
  • Pre-Market Trading: Monday through Friday, 6:30 a.m. through 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time (can occasionally open as early as 4:00 a.m. Eastern Time)

Now, you might be wondering what After-Hours trading and Pre-Market trading are. Let’s go through a brief rundown. 

What is After-Hours Trading and Pre-Market Trading? 

Also called Extended Hours Trading, these additional hours are typically limited to electronic communication networks. 

Extended Hours Trading used to be available for institutional traders only. But that has changed with the online trading industry. 

Companies often make big announcements before the markets open or after the market closes to avoid knee-jerk impacts on their stock prices. 

Investors who have access to electronic trading can make extended hours trading in cases like these. Doing so may minimize the losses that investors who trade during regular hours get hit with. 

Note that some online stock brokerages do charge fees for Extended Hours Trading. To learn more about Extended Hours Trading, check out this Investopedia article on the subject. 

NASDAQ Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. through 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  • After-Hours Trading: Monday through Friday, 4:00 p.m. through 6:30 p.m. Eastern Time (can sometimes close as late as 8 p.m. Eastern Time)
  • Pre-Market Trading: Monday through Friday, 6:30 a.m. through 9:30 a.m. Eastern Time (can occasionally open as early as 4:00 a.m. Eastern Time)

Days U.S. Stock Market is Closed

There are certain days the stock market is closed, and certain days the stock market might have shorter trading hours. 

The U.S. stock market typically closes on Saturdays and Sundays.

Also, the U.S. stock market closes on the following holidays: 

  • New Year’s Day
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Day
  • President Washington’s Birthday
  • Good Friday
  • Memorial Day
  • Independence Day
  • Labor Day
  • Thanksgiving Day
  • Christmas Day

If one of these holidays falls on a Saturday or Sunday, you’ll likely find the market closed the Monday after a Sunday occurrence or the Friday before a Saturday occurrence. 

The stock market has historically had shortened trading days and closed early on the following days:

  • The day before Independence Day: 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  • The day after Thanksgiving (Black Friday): 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time
  • Christmas Eve: 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time

As mentioned earlier, it’s important for you as an investor to know the times and dates the markets are opened and closed. 

If you’re signed up for an account with an online investing firm, such as Public, you might get daily notifications of when the market is about to close or open. 

World Stock Market Opening Times

The various global stock markets have different opening and closing times than the U.S. markets do, for obvious reasons. Here’s a quick rundown of opening and closing times of some of the larger world stock markets. 

London Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. local time*

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government. 

Tokyo Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. local time (the lunch hour sees the market closed)*

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government. 

Hong Kong Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m.  and 1:00 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. local time*
  • Pre-Opening Auction Session: Monday through Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 a.m. local time
  • Extended Opening Session: Monday through Friday, 4:00 p.m. to 4:10 p.m. local time

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government. 

Shanghai Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m.  and 1:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. local time*

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government. 

Toronto Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Eastern Time* 
  • Post-Market Session: Monday through Friday, 4:15 p.m. to 5:00 p.m Eastern Time

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government.

Bombay Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 9:15 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. local time* 

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government.

Australian Securities Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. local time*
  • Pre-Opening Hours: Monday through Friday, 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 a.m. local time
  • Pre-CSPA Hours: Monday through Friday, 4:00 p.m. to 4:10 p.m. local time
  • CSPA (Closing Single Price Auction) Hours: 4:10 p.m. to 4:12 p.m. local time

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government. 

Frankfurt Stock Exchange Hours

  • Standard Trading Hours: Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. local time*

*closed on weekends and holidays as designated by its government. 

What is a Stock Exchange Circuit Breaker?

A stock exchange circuit breaker, also known as a trading curb, is a financial regulatory instrument. Its main goal is to help prevent stock market crashes from occurring. 

Individual stock exchange organizations such as the New York Stock Exchange implement circuit breakers. A Circuit Breaker in the trading world is simply the suspension of trading for a time that’s put in place to slow the market down if need be. 

The New York Stock Exchange sets three Circuit Breakers in place at the start of each trading day. The Circuit Breakers are enacted based on percentage level declines in the market: 

Level 1 decline: 7% drop in the S&P Market from the closing day prior numbers (15-minute halt unless the decline occurs after 3:25 p.m. Eastern Time when no halts occur).

Level 2 decline: 13% drop in the S&P Market from the closing day prior numbers (15-minute halt unless the decline occurs after 3:25 p.m. Eastern Time when no halts occur).

Level 3 decline: 20% drop in the S&P Market from the closing day prior numbers (no more trading for the rest of the day; trading resumes the following business day).

History of the Circuit Breaker

Circuit Breakers were implemented in the U.S. stock markets after the infamous trading day, known as Black Monday, occurred on October 19, 1987. 

The goal was threefold: Reduce market volatility, reduce massive sell-offs, give investors time to think and assess before they act. 

It’s tempting to sell off immediately when a major event affecting the stock market occurs. This is especially common with people who are new to investing. The goal of the Circuit Breaker is to help investors not make knee-jerk investment decisions without thinking it through first. 

Japan, China and other markets have similar Circuit Breaker-type programs as well. 

Summary

Knowing when the U.S. and Foreign stock markets open and close is an essential fact that investors big and small need to know. Whether you’re a beginner investor or a seasoned pro, the more you can learn about investing, the better. 

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